California's Nonpoint Source (NPS) Pollution Control Program provides a coordinated statewide approach to addressing NPS pollution. This program addresses federal requirements to manage polution runoff under both the Clean Water Act and the Coastal Zone Management Act, by implementing California’s Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program on a statewide basis.
The Coastal Nonpoint Pollution Control Program, established in 1990 by the Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments, is jointly administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The program’s goal is to reduce polluted runoff to coastal waters.
The State Water Resources Control Board and the California Coastal Commission are the lead agencies for implementing California's NPS Program, in partnership with the nine Regional Water Quality Control Boards. There are 28 state agencies working collaboratively through the statewide Interagency Coordinating Committee (IACC) to implement the California NPS Program Implementation Plan.
California's Critical Coastal Areas (CCA) Program fosters collaboration among local stakeholders and government agencies, to better coordinate resources and focus efforts on coastal-zone watershed areas in critical need of protection from polluted runoff. The program is implemented by the multi-agency Statewide CCA Committee, and coordinated by Coastal Commission staff.
The criteria used to identify CCAs reflect the dual goals of improving degraded water quality, and providing extra protection from NPS pollution to marine areas with recognized high resource value. The initial identification criteria were selected by the Statewide CCA Committee, resulting in the current (2002) list of 101 CCAs along the coast and within San Francisco Bay.
Factsheets were developed in 2006 for each of the 101 CCAs, to describe the land uses in the watershed, NPS pollutants of concern, major efforts to address these pollutants, and contact information for applicable regulatory and planning agencies. See the CCA Program webpage to find factsheets for the CCAs, organized by region.
Five Pilot CCAs were selected in 2005, one in each of the four regions of the coast, and one within San Francisco Bay. In the Pilot CCAs, the statewide CCA Committee facilitated the formation of teams of local stakeholders (watershed groups, special interest organizations, and community members) and government agencies (state, federal, and local) to develop community-based NPS Watershed Assessment and Action Plans for addressing polluted runoff that threatens coastal resources within these CCAs. The five Pilot CCA projects have been completed; see the CCA Pilots webpage for more information.
The interagency Marinas and Recreational Boating Workgroup addresses NPS pollution related to marinas and recreational boating.
The Coastal Commission and the Los Angeles Region Water Quality Control Board established a multi-agency Los Angeles Regional Contaminated Sediments Task Force (CSTF) to strategize management of contaminated sediments in this region.